The 4K and connection for streaming facilities are some of the features of the new cameras for news that are on the market today.

Richard St.

The immediacy and mobility requiring television news, makes it imperative that professionals and equipment to meet the demanding needs anytime may occur. Shoulder cameras, better known as ENG, are the essential tool that increasingly includes technology.

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TVyVideo + Radio consulted with the four major manufacturers in the Latino market ENG cameras: Canon, JVC, Panasonic and Sony, to know what the most important news of the new cameras used in news and live broadcasts are.

Preferences for these cameras in Latin America are varied. Although there is a growing trend toward inexpensive cameras with streaming docking facilities. The Dynamic Range 4K and have also gained ground in this line and taking as a decisive factor the cost of the storage medium.

According to René Arauz, Panasonic, "usually they result from the specific needs so that each television station. Channels, after defining its investment budget, are decided based primarily on factors such as sensitivity of the camera, video quality and the presence of local support, something that becomes critical to that feeling of shelter for all eventualities ".

Consider before choosing
With various options in the market, it is important to consider some basic criteria to make a good choice. In this regard, Jose Rojano, manager AVTech Ltda, representative of JVC in Colombia, explained that within the characteristics to be considered for the selection of an ENG camera, you must define the niche and keep in mind at least these realities:

  • Their design is ergonomic and compact, besides its resilience and durability.
  • Offering broad autonomy in connectivity for field work.
  • Offering reliability in recording, ie having backup recording option.
  • A good lens and not necessarily interchangeable.
  • Fundamental or good connectivity option for sending signals streaming, since in ENG this is more than important.

For his part, Jose Alvarado, director of sales for Latin America Canon, mentioned other important features such as portability, image quality, professional audio, dynamic range, stabilization, autonomy of operation, battery life, versatility and reiterated the point wifi streaming.

¿Cameras hand or shoulder?
Humberto Gonzalez, Sony Professional Solutions Latin America in Mexico, said that today the most widespread solution is usually the adoption of a mixture of hand and shoulder cameras that meet all needs and applications in a season. It is therefore very important that handheld cameras and shoulder can be compatible, in terms of recording mode, codec and digital processing, allowing a homogenous image in the operation, regardless of the type of camera that has been used in the recording.

"While it is true that some handheld cameras are comparable to their counterparts shoulder characteristics, the reality is that both camera types have their merits depending on the type of operation most often on a channel. The main advantage of handheld cameras or semi-shoulder is its portability, low power consumption, and lower price, "he added.

Moreover, the shoulder cameras have the advantage of being able to have larger sensors (usually 1 / 2 or 2 / 3 inch in the case of cameras ENG) which translates into greater sensitivity and better signal relative to noise, while maintaining high image resolution. This is an important ENG applications where available lighting is often not a variable that can be controlled factor.

The cameras also allow shoulder replacement by other standard lens whose characteristics can be better tailored to the application, having a greater angle options image, or greater zoom ratios, including optical lenses extend.

"Given the above, the shoulder cameras are still favored by customers who prefer more robust ENG cameras, with a more professional appearance - ideal for interviews and official events - and with the versatility of turning them into systems study and to select freely the type of lens to be used, "said the representative of Sony.

Latest news
PXW-X line, Sony

This is a camcorder advanced shoulder with three CMOS sensor "Exmor" Full HD 2 / 3 inch for selecting the recording from a wide variety of formats, resolutions and codecs, including XAVC Intra and Long GOP MPEG HD422, MPEGHD 420 , MPEG IMX and DVCAM, highlighting the option to record in 1080 59.94P / 50P, and the ability to be updated (via the CBK-Z450UK kit) for recording 4K.

This model offers exceptional balance weight with low power consumption. It also includes the most advanced network connectivity with a wireless module built-in connector 100B-T Ethernet RJ-45 integrated NFC (Near Field Communication) function to facilitate configuration of Wi-Fi and operation through a mobile or tablet with the Content Browser Mobile ™ application Sony.

Available models (PXW-X400KC / PXW-X400KF) allow you to choose between two options with viewfinder, environmental microphone and lens (20x or 16x) included, or single camera head for customers who already have these components. Also noteworthy is that there is an equivalent camera for recording 4K, the PXW-Z450.

Line AG, Panasonic
For Panasonic, the most popular camcorders remain the AJ-AJ-PX270 PX800 and as ENG cameras. But the company has renewed its line-up with AVCCAM AG-AC30, AG-UX90, AG-UX180 known models and AG-DVX200.

When discussing the scope ENG, specifically in the world of news, the best features that often point are:
1. High sensitivity in low light shots
2. The quality of video in formats AVC-Intras and AVC-Long
3. Proxy high quality
4. The possibility of transfer via FTP
5. Functions like Dynamic Range Stretch, which helps with exposure compensation
6. Possibility of connecting them ROP controllers that allow convert them into studio cameras for ENG application,
7. Using cards and Micro P2 P2 memory, which highlights the transfer rate.

"As for the new trend that begins to appear inexpensive camcorders in our AVCCAM series is taking well accepted and very strong quality of HD, UHD and 4K video. All new models, in addition to a more affordable price, can record in 4K, also achieving excellent image quality, "said René Arauz.

The JVC cameras for ENG that recommend, depending on the application, are: Basic, GY-HM170, GY-HM200U, the 600 (one of the most recommended) series, Y-HM650 and GY-HM620. There is also the top line is the GY-HM850U.

JVC cameras for news divided into two segments: handheld cameras and cameras ProHD shoulder. The first offer many innovations, from incorporating a revolutionary connection to the computer network for ENG applications, to introduce the 4K in the first portable camera, light and affordable.

The second, the Camars shoulder, have a meticulous design and easy to use, making it ideal for ENG and outdoor work option. Its shape and ergonomics have been created thinking of the operator and the position of the controls and functions. The camera handling is agile and can customize both user preferences and shooting settings themselves.

XC15 line, Canon
The XC15 Professional Camcorder tabaja in 4K to 4: 2: 2 305 to Mbps and HD. It is ideal for publishing projects, capture news production studio or film productions, incorporates a zoom lens with a focal range 4K of 24.1 to 241mm for photography and video 27.3 to 273mm.

It has an autofocus system with technology of face recognition to help creative catchments and artistic, with a CMOS Canon 1 sensor "with 12 megapixel camera and 12 stops of dynamic range in shooting functions or video, LCD viewer 3" with 1.03 million points, XLR audio and built-in microphone and stereo image stabilization system in 5 axes.

This camera connections are XLR with independent volume and 48 V phantom power that supports professional audio inputs. In addition, frame rates 24,00P / 25P and adjustment "aspect" of Cinema EOS make recordings integrating workflows simple.

Richard St.
Author: Richard St.
Journalist from the University of Antioquia (2010), with experience in technology and economics. Editor of the magazines TVyVideo + Radio and AVI Latin America. Academic Coordinator of TecnoTelevisión & Radio.



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